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Fundamental Components of Mindfulness and Meditation


Welcome back! In the previous post, we learned about mindfulness (what it is, benefits, etc.). Key reminders are that mindfulness involves bringing awareness to the present moment, can be practiced in various forms, and is a skill that can be developed over time. Mindfulness and meditation have become increasingly popular as powerful tools for managing stress, improving focus and concentration, and cultivating a sense of self-awareness and inner peace. In this post, we will explore several key components, strategies, and techniques that support the development and integration of mindful moments into daily life. Focus on the following associated components and qualities can help you experience the full benefits of mindfulness-based practices, whether your mindful moments occur during a walking meditation during your lunch break or when practicing single-tasking (giving your full attention to one individual task at a time).

Environment/Physical Space

Mindfulness and many forms of meditation can be practiced anywhere – sitting on a park bench, waiting for the bus, or mindfully driving to work. It is important to think thoughtfully about your physical space and environment when developing your mindfulness practice. Simply put, this is about finding the right time and place. The ideal environment can look different for different people (makes sense, right?), and one person can have different preferences depending on whether they want to practice mindfulness during their morning commute or during a brief body scan meditation every morning before getting out of bed. For many people, it is essential to find a quiet, comfortable space that is free from distractions. Choose a time when you are least likely to be disturbed and have some free time to devote to your meditation and mindfulness practice. Creating a dedicated space for your practice can help you stay focused and aid you in building this skill.

Focus on Your Breath

Focusing on your breath is one of the most common and effective techniques for mindfulness and meditation. In fact, deep breathing, which is associated with positive health benefits, can evoke the relaxation response, a state of profound rest. Breath focus is so impactful, it is a common feature of several other techniques that elicit the relaxation response, such as yoga. When you breathe deeply, the air coming in through your nose fully fills your lungs, and the lower belly rises. Deep abdominal breathing encourages full oxygen exchange — that is, the beneficial, symbiotic trade of incoming oxygen to outgoing carbon dioxide. Deep breathing helps to increase oxygen flow, which can boost energy levels, reduce fatigue, and lower or stabilize blood pressure.

With each inhale and exhale, one can bring their attention to the physical sensations in the body. You can also use counting and visualization techniques to deepen your focus on your breath. New to deep breathing exercises? Check out a few commonly practiced exercises:

4-4-6 Breathing Technique

  • Inhale through your nose slowly and deeply for 4 seconds

  • Hold your breath for 4 seconds

  • Exhale through your mouth for 6 seconds

  • Repeat this breathing pattern for 1-5 minutes

Belly Breathing

  • Find a comfortable, quiet place to sit or lie down.

  • Place one hand on your upper chest and the other hand on your belly, below the ribcage.

  • Allow your belly to relax, without forcing it inward by squeezing or clenching your muscles.

  • Breathe in slowly through your nose. The air should move into your nose and downward so that you feel your stomach rise with your other hand and fall inward (toward your spine).

  • Exhale slowly through slightly pursed lips. Take note of the hand on your chest, which should remain relatively still.

Deep Breathing

  • While standing or sitting, draw your elbows back slightly to allow your chest to expand.

  • Take a deep inhalation through your nose.

  • Hold your breath for a count of 5.

  • Slowly release your breath by exhaling through your nose.

5 Senses

The sensory experience of mindfulness and meditation becomes realized with more and more practice. As you become more actively aware of the present experience, you will become more aware of sights, sounds, smells, tastes, and physical sensations.

Sight: Bring awareness to what you can see behind your closed eyes -such as patterns of light and darkness. With open eyes, focus on details of your surroundings, such as colors, textures, and shapes.

Sound: Listen to the sounds around you, both near and far. Notice each distinct sound as it comes and goes. You may also try focusing on just one sound, like a nearby bird or sounds of cars passing by.

Smell. Take a deep breath and focus on the subtle scents around you. What can you detect? Depending on your environment in mindful moments, you may smell the aroma of coffee, food being prepared, or newly cut grass.

Taste: Focus on any lingering taste from food or drink consumed prior to your mindful moment. If practicing mindful eating, challenge yourself to draw awareness to taste, texture, temperature of your snack or meal. Also bring awareness to any taste in your mouth, even toothpaste –perhaps if practicing a brief body scan just before bed.

Touch: Notice the physical sensations of your body touching the surface of your what is supporting you -a bed, seat, ground, etc. Notice the temperature, the texture, and what it feels like to be supported.

Developing A Personal Mantra

A personal mantra or phrase to use purposefully when practicing mindfulness can be helpful in numerous ways, particularly when you find yourself becoming distracted or when encountering a stressor. To begin thinking about a mantra, choose a phrase or word that has personal meaning to you, such as “I am enough” or “pause” or “peace and love.” When your mind wanders when practicing mindful moments, you can gently bring it back to the mantra. Over time, you may find that your personal mantra becomes a source of comfort and strength, helping you to cultivate a greater sense of mindful awareness in your daily life.


Mindfulness and meditation are effective tools for promoting inner peace and wellbeing. The key to success with mindfulness and meditation practice is consistency. With just a few minutes each day, you can build a habit of practicing mindful moments. Over time, you can become more in tune, connected, and intentional with your thoughts and emotions, which can lead to a greater sense of calm and wellbeing in your daily life. By thinking thoughtfully about and following the strategies that work for you, you can start to experience the full benefits of mindfulness and meditation in your daily life. Remember to be patient as you find what works best for you, as this process may require some experimentation and observation.

Questions to Ponder

What is one way or one strategy you can try to aid you in practicing mindfulness in your daily life?

What is one thing you can do to help you be consistent with your mindfulness practice?

What might your personal mantra or phrase be?

Interested in learning more? Check out

Also see my Colleague, Isabel, Newest Video on these topics to Learn More!

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